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Color – warna merupakan hal yang cukup sulit dalam computer vision, ada begitu banyak kombinasi warna. Secara umum ada 3 warna basic yaitu RGB yang bila dikombinasikan ada sebanyak 2^8 alias 256 jenis warna. Nah bagaimana Segmentasi warna berdasarkan Color Palette untuk gambar jeruk dibawah ini??

Berdasarkan percobaan, gambar jeruk diatas bila diplotkan kedalam RGB menghasilkan sebagai berikut

 

Kalau kalian merujuk pada https://www.rapidtables.com/web/color/RGB_Color.html disitu disediakan informasi nama warna serta kode hex dan RBG nya. Ada 2 tabel yang basic dan yang full.

Color HTML / CSS Name Hex Code#RRGGBB Decimal Code(R,G,B)
Black #000000 (0,0,0)
White #FFFFFF (255,255,255)
Red #FF0000 (255,0,0)
Lime #00FF00 (0,255,0)
Blue #0000FF (0,0,255)
Yellow #FFFF00 (255,255,0)
Cyan / Aqua #00FFFF (0,255,255)
Magenta / Fuchsia #FF00FF (255,0,255)
Silver #C0C0C0 (192,192,192)
Gray #808080 (128,128,128)
Maroon #800000 (128,0,0)
Olive #808000 (128,128,0)
Green #008000 (0,128,0)
Purple #800080 (128,0,128)
Teal #008080 (0,128,128)
Navy #000080 (0,0,128)

Atau yang lebih lengkap lagi

Color Color Name Hex Code#RRGGBB Decimal CodeR,G,B
maroon #800000 (128,0,0)
dark red #8B0000 (139,0,0)
brown #A52A2A (165,42,42)
firebrick #B22222 (178,34,34)
crimson #DC143C (220,20,60)
red #FF0000 (255,0,0)
tomato #FF6347 (255,99,71)
coral #FF7F50 (255,127,80)
indian red #CD5C5C (205,92,92)
light coral #F08080 (240,128,128)
dark salmon #E9967A (233,150,122)
salmon #FA8072 (250,128,114)
light salmon #FFA07A (255,160,122)
orange red #FF4500 (255,69,0)
dark orange #FF8C00 (255,140,0)
orange #FFA500 (255,165,0)
gold #FFD700 (255,215,0)
dark golden rod #B8860B (184,134,11)
golden rod #DAA520 (218,165,32)
pale golden rod #EEE8AA (238,232,170)
dark khaki #BDB76B (189,183,107)
khaki #F0E68C (240,230,140)
olive #808000 (128,128,0)
yellow #FFFF00 (255,255,0)
yellow green #9ACD32 (154,205,50)
dark olive green #556B2F (85,107,47)
olive drab #6B8E23 (107,142,35)
lawn green #7CFC00 (124,252,0)
chart reuse #7FFF00 (127,255,0)
green yellow #ADFF2F (173,255,47)
dark green #006400 (0,100,0)
green #008000 (0,128,0)
forest green #228B22 (34,139,34)
lime #00FF00 (0,255,0)
lime green #32CD32 (50,205,50)
light green #90EE90 (144,238,144)
pale green #98FB98 (152,251,152)
dark sea green #8FBC8F (143,188,143)
medium spring green #00FA9A (0,250,154)
spring green #00FF7F (0,255,127)
sea green #2E8B57 (46,139,87)
medium aqua marine #66CDAA (102,205,170)
medium sea green #3CB371 (60,179,113)
light sea green #20B2AA (32,178,170)
dark slate gray #2F4F4F (47,79,79)
teal #008080 (0,128,128)
dark cyan #008B8B (0,139,139)
aqua #00FFFF (0,255,255)
cyan #00FFFF (0,255,255)
light cyan #E0FFFF (224,255,255)
dark turquoise #00CED1 (0,206,209)
turquoise #40E0D0 (64,224,208)
medium turquoise #48D1CC (72,209,204)
pale turquoise #AFEEEE (175,238,238)
aqua marine #7FFFD4 (127,255,212)
powder blue #B0E0E6 (176,224,230)
cadet blue #5F9EA0 (95,158,160)
steel blue #4682B4 (70,130,180)
corn flower blue #6495ED (100,149,237)
deep sky blue #00BFFF (0,191,255)
dodger blue #1E90FF (30,144,255)
light blue #ADD8E6 (173,216,230)
sky blue #87CEEB (135,206,235)
light sky blue #87CEFA (135,206,250)
midnight blue #191970 (25,25,112)
navy #000080 (0,0,128)
dark blue #00008B (0,0,139)
medium blue #0000CD (0,0,205)
blue #0000FF (0,0,255)
royal blue #4169E1 (65,105,225)
blue violet #8A2BE2 (138,43,226)
indigo #4B0082 (75,0,130)
dark slate blue #483D8B (72,61,139)
slate blue #6A5ACD (106,90,205)
medium slate blue #7B68EE (123,104,238)
medium purple #9370DB (147,112,219)
dark magenta #8B008B (139,0,139)
dark violet #9400D3 (148,0,211)
dark orchid #9932CC (153,50,204)
medium orchid #BA55D3 (186,85,211)
purple #800080 (128,0,128)
thistle #D8BFD8 (216,191,216)
plum #DDA0DD (221,160,221)
violet #EE82EE (238,130,238)
magenta / fuchsia #FF00FF (255,0,255)
orchid #DA70D6 (218,112,214)
medium violet red #C71585 (199,21,133)
pale violet red #DB7093 (219,112,147)
deep pink #FF1493 (255,20,147)
hot pink #FF69B4 (255,105,180)
light pink #FFB6C1 (255,182,193)
pink #FFC0CB (255,192,203)
antique white #FAEBD7 (250,235,215)
beige #F5F5DC (245,245,220)
bisque #FFE4C4 (255,228,196)
blanched almond #FFEBCD (255,235,205)
wheat #F5DEB3 (245,222,179)
corn silk #FFF8DC (255,248,220)
lemon chiffon #FFFACD (255,250,205)
light golden rod yellow #FAFAD2 (250,250,210)
light yellow #FFFFE0 (255,255,224)
saddle brown #8B4513 (139,69,19)
sienna #A0522D (160,82,45)
chocolate #D2691E (210,105,30)
peru #CD853F (205,133,63)
sandy brown #F4A460 (244,164,96)
burly wood #DEB887 (222,184,135)
tan #D2B48C (210,180,140)
rosy brown #BC8F8F (188,143,143)
moccasin #FFE4B5 (255,228,181)
navajo white #FFDEAD (255,222,173)
peach puff #FFDAB9 (255,218,185)
misty rose #FFE4E1 (255,228,225)
lavender blush #FFF0F5 (255,240,245)
linen #FAF0E6 (250,240,230)
old lace #FDF5E6 (253,245,230)
papaya whip #FFEFD5 (255,239,213)
sea shell #FFF5EE (255,245,238)
mint cream #F5FFFA (245,255,250)
slate gray #708090 (112,128,144)
light slate gray #778899 (119,136,153)
light steel blue #B0C4DE (176,196,222)
lavender #E6E6FA (230,230,250)
floral white #FFFAF0 (255,250,240)
alice blue #F0F8FF (240,248,255)
ghost white #F8F8FF (248,248,255)
honeydew #F0FFF0 (240,255,240)
ivory #FFFFF0 (255,255,240)
azure #F0FFFF (240,255,255)
snow #FFFAFA (255,250,250)
black #000000 (0,0,0)
dim gray / dim grey #696969 (105,105,105)
gray / grey #808080 (128,128,128)
dark gray / dark grey #A9A9A9 (169,169,169)
silver #C0C0C0 (192,192,192)
light gray / light grey #D3D3D3 (211,211,211)
gainsboro #DCDCDC (220,220,220)
white smoke #F5F5F5 (245,245,245)
white #FFFFFF (255,255,255)

Berikut ketika saya melakukan Segmentasi warna berdasarkan Color Palette (full) diatas menghasilkan warna yang lebih ter grouping.

Bila saya ranking 10 besar, akan dihasilkan sebagai berikut

hasil diatas kurang sempurna karena masih terikut gambar selain jeruk, saya croping saja menjadi dibawah ini

hasilnya lebih bagus lagi yaitu dominan orange dan green

 

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